The nurse barometer, prepared by the nursing union, reveals that 75% of nursing professionals have suffered some type of biological accident. To these risks we should add risks common to other professions such as falls, injuries due to poor posture or similar. According to the same survey, 77% of nurses consider that, within the healthcare sector, their work is the most exposed to workplace accidents.
That is why the prevention of occupational risks in nursing is so important . In this post we review the keys to detect and prevent risks in nursing.The healthcare worker faces 4 types of risks.
What are the occupational risks in nursing
Physical risks: Among them we find musculoskeletal injuries, wounds, fires, exposure to radiation, sound trauma…
Chemical risks: These come from phonelist possible exposure to chemical substances present in the clinic or hospital.
Biological risks: Any type of infection is consider an occupational biological risk, allergy means any type of infection, allergy or toxicity caus by microorganisms that a worker can contract. Some – for example, brucellosis – are classifi as an occupational disease.
Psychological and social risks: These are the risks deriv from stress, anxiety or physical and mental overload at work.
All of the aforemention risks can be successfully prevent with an adequate prevention plan. This plan must include the following measures.
Occupational risk prevention measures in nursing
Promote a comfortable, clean and well-organized work environment.
Make postural changes and active micropauses during the day
Correctly dispose of all waste, preventing the fill level of any container from being exceeded.
Establish a plan for active surveillance of the worker’s health, with periodic medical examinations and special attention to sensitive workers
Use Personal Protective Equipment appropriate to the procedure , as well as collective protection equipment in the workplace.
Maintain adequate hygiene in the office, washing your hands frequently.
Carry out preventive vaccination campaigns against biological risks.
Establish a good organization and a good BO Leads work environment to avoid overload and reduce psychological risks. Any clinic must have an occupational risk prevention plan. On this website you can find more information about it.